Do you know your Teeth and Mouth Anatomy?
The mouth, while a small part of your anatomy, plays a big part of you living a comfortable lifestyle. It helps you eat, drink, talk, smile and more.
Here’s a Brief Overview of the Anatomy You Will Find Inside Your Mouth…
- Incisors: The sharp, chisel-shaped front teeth (four upper, four lower) used for cutting food.
- Canines: Sometimes called eye teeth, these teeth are shaped like points and are used for tearing and grasping food.
- Premolars: These teeth have two pointed cusps on their biting surface and are sometimes referred to as bicuspids. The premolars are for crushing and tearing food.
- Molars: Used for grinding and chewing food, these teeth have several cusps on the biting surface to help in this process.
- Crown: This is the top part of the tooth, and the only part you can normally see. The shape of the crown determines the tooth’s function. For example, front teeth are sharp and chisel-shaped for cutting, while molars have flat surfaces for grinding and chewing.
- Gum line: This is the location where the teeth and gums meet. Without proper brushing and flossing, plaque can build up at the gum line, leading to gingivitis and gum disease.
- Root: It is two-thirds of the tooth that is embedded in bone and serves as an anchor to hold the tooth in place.
- Enamel: This is the outer and hardest part of the tooth that has the most mineralised tissue in the body. It can be damaged by decay if teeth are not cared for properly.
- Dentine: The layer of the tooth under the enamel. If decay makes it through the enamel, it next attacks the dentine, where millions of tiny tubes lead directly to the dental pulp.
- Pulp: The soft tissue found in the centre of all teeth, where the nerve tissue and blood vessels are located. If tooth decay reaches the pulp, you usually feel pain and may require a root canal procedure to be done.